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AD633 Datasheet(PDF) 10 Page  Analog Devices 

AD633 Datasheet(HTML) 10 Page  Analog Devices 
10 / 21 page Data Sheet AD633 Rev. J  Page 9 of 20 APPLICATIONS INFORMATION The AD633 is well suited for such applications as modulation and demodulation, automatic gain control, power measurement, voltagecontrolled amplifiers, and frequency doublers. These applications show the pin connections for the AD633JN (8lead PDIP), which differs from the AD633JR (8lead SOIC). MULTIPLIER CONNECTIONS Figure 12 shows the basic connections for multiplication. The X and Y inputs normally have their negative nodes grounded, but they are fully differential, and in many applications, the grounded inputs may be reversed (to facilitate interfacing with signals of a particular polarity while achieving some desired output polarity), or both may be driven. AD633JN X1 1 X2 2 Y1 3 Y2 4 +VS 8 W 7 Z 6 –VS 5 X INPUT Y INPUT + – + – 0.1µF 0.1µF +15V –15V OPTIONAL SUMMING INPUT, Z W = + Z (X1 – X2)(Y1 – Y2) 10V Figure 12. Basic Multiplier Connections SQUARING AND FREQUENCY DOUBLING As is shown in Figure 13, squaring of an input signal, E, is achieved simply by connecting the X and Y inputs in parallel to produce an output of E2/10 V. The input can have either polarity, but the output is positive. However, the output polarity can be reversed by interchanging the X or Y inputs. The Z input can be used to add a further signal to the output. AD633JN X1 1 E X2 2 Y1 3 Y2 4 +VS 8 W 7 Z 6 –VS 5 0.1µF 0.1µF +15V –15V W = E2 10V Figure 13. Connections for Squaring When the input is a sine wave E sin ωt, this squarer behaves as a frequency doubler, because t V E V t E 2 cos 1 20 10 sin 2 2 (2) Equation 2 shows a dc term at the output that varies strongly with the amplitude of the input, E. This can be avoided using the connections shown in Figure 14, where an RC network is used to generate two signals whose product has no dc term. It uses the identity θ θ θ 2 sin 2 1 sin cos (3) AD633JN X1 1 X2 2 Y1 3 Y2 4 +VS 8 W 7 Z 6 –VS 5 0.1µF 0.1µF +15V –15V W = E2 10V E R C R2 3kΩ R1 1kΩ Figure 14. Bounceless Frequency Doubler At ωo = 1/CR, the X input leads the input signal by 45° (and is attenuated by √2), and the Y input lags the X input by 45° (and is also attenuated by √2). Because the X and Y inputs are 90° out of phase, the response of the circuit is (satisfying Equation 3) 45 sin 2 45 sin 2 10 1 0 0 t E t E V W t V E 0 2 2 sin 40 (4) which has no dc component. Resistors R1 and R2 are included to restore the output amplitude to 10 V for an input amplitude of 10 V. The amplitude of the output is only a weak function of frequency; the output amplitude is 0.5% too low at ω = 0.9 ω0 and ω0 = 1.1 ω0. GENERATING INVERSE FUNCTIONS Inverse functions of multiplication, such as division and square rooting, can be implemented by placing a multiplier in the feedback loop of an op amp. Figure 15 shows how to implement square rooting with the transfer function for the condition E < 0. The 1N4148 diode is required to prevent latchup, which can occur in such applications if the input were to change polarity, even momentarily. V E W 10 (5) AD633JN X1 1 X2 2 Y1 3 Y2 4 +VS 8 W 7 Z 6 –VS 5 0.1µF E < 0V –15V +15V AD711 0.1µF 10kΩ 10kΩ 0.1µF W = √ –(10V)E 0.01µF +15V –15V 7 4 3 6 2 0.1µF 1N4148 Figure 15. Connections for Square Rooting 
Similar Part No.  AD633 

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